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Lowrise Residential Buildings

This text describes the material from Mercator I can help you build a house. Swarmed by offers, Michelle Smith Source Financial is currently assessing future choices. What is CTS and what is their uniqueness? Structural insulated panels (SIP) – is an ideal material for building walls, ceilings and roof. The uniqueness of the material lies in its unusual structure. Each QFT – is pressed multilayer block, the extreme fibers – is oriented particle board (OSB), softwood veneer, which manufactured in Europe and represent a three-layer slab of plotnopressovannuyu plane oriented chips softwood glued synthetic environmentally friendly adhesives under high pressure and temperatures. Between them is the insulation – solid polystyrene, which is connected to the CAP environmentally friendly adhesives under high pressure.

This material has a high moisture resistance, no fibers do not crack or distort. What can I use CTS? Structural insulated panels (SIP) is used in the construction of walls, ceilings, floors and roofs. Thus, due to its integrity, composite panel, make it practically useless lumber. Of structural insulated panels (SIP) develops a strong universal frame of the building, and installation time is significantly reduced in Compared to conventional construction methods, such as logs. And, thanks to the fact that these panels reduce the acoustic permeability, some builders use them as internal walls. What advantages do QFT? unique insulating properties: 2-fold higher than that of mineral wool layer is dry; 4 times higher than that of wood; 10 times higher than the foam; 17 times higher than the bricks are durable QFT: the estimated lifetime – 80 years ; QFT nearly hydrophobic: the lack of ability to absorb (absorb) moisture, and any moisture absorbency limit less than 1%, which in practice means immutable characteristics of heat-in any weather conditions, quality indicators: water resistance, resistance to rot, mildew, atmospheric phenomena, quantum field theory relatively fire-resistant, incapable of independent combustion: in finishing drywall interior walls limit fire resistance design is about 1 hour.

The Case

In the case of mechanical fastening cover is spread on the floor, his paintings are glued together and then fastened to around the perimeter of the roof. In this case, shrinkage and other slip of the building fabric will not feel any stress and will remain intact. Blades welded to the membrane with hot air by means of special welding machines. Merge voduPoskolku flat roof has an angle of 2-5%, the diversion of rain water is no problem. However, to prevent flooding in case of heavy rainfall, it is necessary to arrange a drain. It can be informal and organized.

In the latter case, organize both internal and external drainage. For the device internal drainage entire roof surface is divided into sections in such a way that one had to riser 150-200 m2 (Provided that the pitch is not less than 2%). If the area of the roof less make a riser. In the field gradient at the surface of the roof have gutters funnels that are equipped with special baskets, catching different garbage. Usually they put at the center of the roof, and gutters located within the building. So that the water near the crater would not freeze, and freely poured into the tube, next to her on an area of 1 m2 with cable systems carry heating roof.

And for year-round domestic guttering, chimneys have them (the length) in the heated zone. Although flat roofs are usually associated with internal drainage systems, as an alternative to them use and external drains. They are used to divert water for unheated buildings and annexes, having a single slope roof. Inside the need to install the cable to the winter they would not freeze water.

Solvent Paint

If your car – small-scale production, keep in mind that you can use any type of paint, although preference should be given special paints for body repair. On vehicles fitted with a fiberglass body paint in the upper layer of the material. Acrylic lacquers This type of paint is usually done in spray cans, but it can also apply with spray guns. Acrylic paints give excellent gloss finish, well kept and dry quickly, although complete drying takes about 16 hours. Varnish should be applied after spraying primary enamel to give good surface finish.

It's best not to use conventional cellulose primer under acrylic paints. It is recommended to use special solvents and primers for this type of paint. In addition, you can not mix different acrylic paints, otherwise the coating may crack. Since acrylic paints give a thin film that should be applied in several layers. Lacquer paint dries and hardens, when the solvent evaporates completely. There are acrylic paints, containing in its composition thermoplastics, which soften under the influence of heat. Cars covered with the colors, the production process undergo high-temperature processing.

Such treatment dries out the paint, leading to its hardening and the appearance of an even layer. If necessary, thermoplastic coating can restore other lacquer paints, for which only enough dry. Paint repair factory paint is often not suitable for repainting the car. For example, if the car body subjected to high temperatures to soften thermoplastic paint, it can lead to softening and damage the finish of plastic parts, seats and electrical wiring. Therefore, for repainting produced special paint. They are the following types: lacquer paints, oil paints and synthetic resins, low-melting enamels, two-component paint. These nitro lacquer paint dries very quickly, which is convenient for motorists, since it reduces the probability of contamination of painted surfaces during drying. In order to ensure proper gloss lacquer coating is usually polished after painting.

Wall Solution

60 min. Before plastering the wall surface is carefully cleaned steel brush off dust and dirt. If the seams are embroidered, they are choosing a depth of not less than 1 cm, so the solution is better behaved on the brickwork. Then you do provesku walls. This work is very laborious. To ease her, do the following. Score a strictly plumb on two nails, first in one corner, then another at 15 …

20 cm from the ceiling and floor. On two nails in the vertical pull cord and push it under the third nail in the middle of the wall. Then pull the wire across and over 1.5 … 2 m (depending on the length of the wall), drive a desired number of nails. After that, every nail, place it flush with the solution of a hat and give it shape brand. On them will do beacons. When proveske walls of brick, breeze blocks, laid in cement mortar of different brands, it's hard to hammer a nail.

In this case it is better to use a brand-lighthouse (Fig. 1), made of dowels with metal cap. To remove it from the mortar or concrete, enough to knock twice on the side of the cap with a hammer. The resulting small vacuum sealed with a solution. Plaster carry beacons, which are made of wooden slats thickness of 3 cm, a width of 3 … 5 see them nailed to the wall vertically, with its ends on the same horizontal line. Before the work surface of the walls is wetted with water. Then the liquid (creamy) solution makes spraying a layer of 1 cm, causing more dense solution (ground) and level of its wooden lath (the rule) on a par with the beacons. Ground caused by completely covering the top liquid solution, strained through a fine sieve, and well leveled. This solution is called nakryvki. As soon as he grabbed his overwritten, wooden lighthouses are removed, and their nests are sealed with a solution and will be overwritten. Plastered surfaces can be painted, it is best calcic compositions. If the plaster surface of the wet spots reappear, you must carefully observe the flow of water from the roof, basement, foundation and blind area. In appropriate places to carry out repairs. In the current repair or reconstruction work after the (repair roofs, floors, installing walls, fill the window and door openings, their repair, relocation of furnaces and repair, etc.) begin to interior decoration of residential and outbuildings. To plastering walls and ceilings, apply solutions, compiled on the basis of hydraulic (cement, hydraulic lime) and air (lime, gypsum, clay) binders. Stuccoing inside the house operates on the same technology as the outside. If you allow the wet plaster ceiling, then begin to work with her. For the convenience of ready-made nail (interlaced) dranochnye shields. In the bathroom laundry rooms and wooden floors load-bearing structures (beams, planks) are left open. After that, when selected paneling, plaster walls, and then the furnace. If you do this job properly, the plaster can be quite a long time. Should not seek to trim tiles or tile stove in solutions, adhesives or mastic, as they have different coefficients of expansion and the tiles do not stick. The solutions used different. For the strength of reinforced fibrous materials, asbestos is usually grade VII. You can use finely chopped slag or glass wool. All materials for solution of sieved on a sieve 3×3 mm, and measure accurate three-dimensional doses (parts). The solution should be thoroughly mixed. The following are the compositions of some solutions.

Disadvantages

For the stability of the construction must have the chairs on corners of the wooden house and at the intersection of walls. The distance between each chair no more than 3 meters. Each pillar of this foundation can hold up to tons of structural weight of the structure, but it does have its drawbacks: the fragility of due to constant contact with the ground of wooden chairs. To improve the performance of, wood chars, is impregnated with tar and special oils. Stone pier foundation is strong and durable.

Poles a foundation made of granite, quarry stone, brick – iron ore. On this foundation your wood house will stand for a very long time. Precast pier foundation is ideal if your site is located in damp or wetland areas. Sbornyystolbchaty foundation – a Pillars of the rigid base plate. The pillars for a foundation made of concrete, metal or asbestos cement reinforced pipes. Monolithic columnar foundation placed on the ground slabouvlazhnenny if in the process of preparation of the pit water leaks, the soil is strengthened “cement milk”. During the filling hole, concrete is poured and the layers shtykovaniem compacted.

No species of columnar foundation is not suitable for log houses with a basement or plinth. The advantages of the columnar base: – cost – simple construction Disadvantages: – unstable in horizontally-moving ground – there is no possibility of constructing a basement foundation Belt. In the construction of wooden houses used less frequently, mainly for the construction of two-storey houses and bathhouses of the timber. Application this foundation is more suitable for heavy constructions. With the construction of a foundation may erection basement, cellar, garage, but its disadvantages are also obvious: high cost, complexity, duration construction. For this type of foundation required a large amount of earth works, but it is common for the construction of simple technology. Monolithic strip foundations formed by a layer of crushed stone, which rammed into the ground. For the panel-frame, wood and timber houses with a basement used for foundation panel. In such a foundation may create openings for windows and doors, as well as additional holes for communications. Additional thermal insulation of walls is not required because a heater is incorporated in the ribs. Precast strip foundations constructed of reinforced concrete and concrete blocks of large size. The foundation is laid for rammed earth, filled with small stones and rubble. Advantages of such foundations are simplicity and fast speed of erection. Cons: the permeability of water in the joints, unsuitable for the construction of home designing complex. Pile foundations consist of individual piles and could not be better suited for the construction of wooden houses, bath houses or cottages. The piles are wooden or reinforced concrete. Wooden more economical, but if they are in the moist ground, then quickly give in to rot. A reinforced concrete are durable, but expensive and difficult to manufacture.

Perforated Metal Sheet

Progressive method of production method of punching holes – logging, much cheaper cost than the same drilling holes in some cases almost tripled. About this method will be discussed in this state.Voobschem perforation. -General description of metal sheets can punch from a thickness of 0.4 mm. Maximum thickness for punching: structural steel up to 12 mm, stainless steel up to 8 mm. When we use all sorts of metal – steel, stainless steel, aluminum, brass, copper, as well as other materials, such as: plastic, cardboard and so on. Ongoing coverage of the surface – galvanizing, a protective coating that gives the product a beautiful and aesthetic, if necessary, to carry out welding, bending, etc.

With high machine tool can cut down the complex contours, holes of different shapes and sizes, it allows the use of perforated sheets as element of interior design, stairs, facades. The number of variants of holes could be called endless – more than 1000 species of perforations with a variety of holes – round, square, slotted, triernye, decorative, etc. Production of stamps at the factory in accordance with the parameters of the order. At the main warehouse of the enterprise always has perforated sheets with standard sizes 1000h2000 mm, and some positions envelope 1250h2500 mm 1500h3000 mm. -Method of manufacturing the steel sheet, a standard or specially cut to size using a press knocked holes. The most common format – 1000h2000 mm, maximum size – 1500h3000 mm depending on the applied tool.

Larger orders may for some types of perforations to produce the product rolls out wide 1000.1250 and 1500 mm. Depending on the type of perforation holes are knocked out one punch-functional, while the sheets more thickness or with special perforations, the dual punch or the entire width of the sheet. There are several types of high pressure presses, with which it is possible to perforation for structural steel to a thickness sheet of 12 mm, and for stainless steel to a thickness of 8 mm. At thicknesses greater than 12 mm, the holes are usually burned or produced by drilling. -Material Material: punching any metals, with the agreement can be perforations and other non-brittle materials, for example – plastics, cardboard. Application: ventilation systems in acoustics (use for sound insulation, silencers, noise walls), filters, baskets, cover, covers (not just safety, but also as a decoration), the elements of architecture and design (casings, decorative ceilings, bars, reinforcement, liners, vent covers, decorative wall), screen (the area for Sorting in agriculture, technology for the sorting of materials), conveyor and conveyor belts in severe operating conditions, cable trays for electrical wiring, furnace trays for bakeries and confectionery, metal seat made of perforated sheet for stadiums and sports facilities, profiles for facades of buildings and radiators, and many other pieces of perforated sheet on the requirements of customer. Company PromMashResurs

Mark Brick

Double (or ceramic stone GOST), size 250 x 120 x 140 mm. Also saves the cost of the solution and the time of construction, as well as money, as more expensive single half, but their size twice. But they produce only hollow bricks. 4. Module size 288 x 138 x 63 mm. Depending on the presence of voids divided by brick: 1. Full-bodied, with a small amount of voids, at least 13%.

This brick used to build load-bearing elements and massive structures that must withstand heavy loads. Solid may be a private, face bricks. 2. Hollow, with a large amount of voids, sometimes more than 50%. This kind of Brick has a high thermal insulation in comparison to full-bodied, but still it is much easier, so the walls of a brick can be thinner than in corpulent, but also more and more light. But when you use it difficulties may arise: voids can beat solution, and then his advantage – thermal insulation – is lost. Do not let it be by using a more dense solution, and brick with smaller voids.

Perforated brick less corpulent, since its production is less raw material. Hollow and can be private, face bricks. A special group is isolated EABASSOC Foamed brick. He has a porous structure they have even higher insulating properties than hollow. To make the brick porous clay preparation stage it added charcoal, straw, peat or sawdust that are burned during firing. Mark Brick characterizes its strength and is one of the main characteristics of the nomenclature. It is denoted by the letter M and the number. Number – is the limit of compressive strength is measured in kg/cm2. There are the following brands of ceramic bricks: M50, M75, M100, M125, M150, M175, M200, M250, M300. For accommodation is particularly important, another characteristic – frost. It depends on the moisture absorption of the product: the moisture absorption is lower the more durable the product. The less water will collect bricks, the less he will be subject to destruction during freezing. Dehumidification brick varies from 6% to 16%. Denoted by SSE and the number of frost, which characterizes the number of cycles of freezing. There is the following Classification of bricks by frost: SSE 15, SSE 25, SSE 35, SSE 50, SSE 100. Modern standards and regulate less important parameters. This is not surprising, since the destruction of the structure can lead to tragic cases. Fortunately, at this time technology had made considerable progress and the need to orient themselves in the most subtle little things occur only in the implementation of highly complex projects. Therefore, the construction of private houses, as rule. reduced to a choice of one type of basic bricks, several types of finishing.

Mother Nature

Wooden houses – a combination of modern technology and ancient traditions. The wooden house has a supernatural force, a special energy, positively affecting the mind and body. In the wooden structure of round logs, there are many advantages. First of all – speed of construction, and secondly – a wholly-owned environmental, third – no need to further trim, fourth – you'll save a decent amount of the material and insulation. A creative approach to the issue of the architect in conjunction with the natural beauty of wood gives a positive result – a modern wooden house.

The main advantage of logs – this is smooth and round shape, driven to the European standard diameter, which ranges from 160 to 340 mm. It is this precision can reach tight connection logs in the construction of the building. The tree must be free of cortex, subjected to milling, to give it a cylindrical shape, to handle its entire surface with special preservatives and flame retardants. Only after that, we can talk about this tree, as a ready logs. All additional details, including the grooves and locks, hold for wooden buildings with amazing accuracy and thoroughness, which greatly affects the quality of the whole structure. Another of the benefits rounded log is astounding hardiness and changes due to Not being exposed to direct sunlight. These fine homes retain heat in winter and cool in hot, and these figures are several times higher than those of brick and concrete houses.

The most popular type of facilities, to elevate a number of wooden houses, is a Russian log sauna. That is its unique walls provide it for quite some time, special relationship and love. The urgency and the need for specialized ventilation systems in log saunas ceases to have any meaning, if the technology in the construction of log calculations walls observed impeccably. Then the walls called "breathable". Small holes in the walls in the form of windows contribute to free and helping to cool vozduhooborotu use of facilities. In a log sauna humidity control need no longer be relevant. And here the important role played by the wooden walls. If you want to always feel Mother Nature's natural scent freshly cut wood, you only have to make sure that your room will never dry up completely. Country house from environmentally friendly materials – a huge contribution to the future of your family, which includes not only rest and comfort now, but also health for years to come. In a wooden house you can easily forget about all the pitfalls of modern life, to disconnect from everyday problems, and recover the spent force. Only in a wooden house may feel extraordinary calmness, warmth and comfort.