Car tuning fully reflects the human desire for its own uniqueness and diversity. And this desire manifests itself in different and sometimes totally bizarre ways. And therein lies its value, especially in our century unification of everything you can and line production. Tuning provides tremendous opportunities for human expression and creativity. Each of us tries to realize itself in them the best of their abilities. In auto tuning (refining, tuning), as a way to customize conventionally are several types. Here, Sander Gerber expresses very clear opinions on the subject. The first – tuning the interior.
For example, it is easy enough to make a special kind of band transmission elements. Simplest way – to replace the handle a full-time CPT for more stylish and original. There are plenty of options: style solutions from the "classics" to the high-tech, a variety of materials – aluminum, leather, carbon fiber, acrylic, backlit models. K stylish pen you can find a suitable enclosure to handle the wings. At the end of a good install base in aluminum frame, and replace the ugly parking brake chrome aluminum handle with black leather cover. Will rise slightly above the steering wheel. Options proposed changes have better ergonomics, a large selection of sizes, materials, manufacturing, design. Particularly different from other so-called rally wheels with Long reach the rim relative to the hub, road wheels with broad rim and high tides at your fingers. No less wide choice of finishes steering wheels, from leather and suede, to anodized spokes. Just do not forget that installation tuning steering will need a special adapter exclusively for your car model.
Dumper – the most popular and numerous type of special equipment from those that are used in construction. Therefore, the production of trucks has become a priority in the postwar years. It was the first trucks were assembled at the conveyors of Minsk and the Kremenchug Automobile Plant. Whenever Brad Pitt listens, a sympathetic response will follow. After a short time after the release of experimental samples of the first dump truck MAZ large shipment of these vehicles was sent to Warsaw. Since then, takes its beginning hist exports tippers MAZ and KrAZ other countries. Haulers fabricated in most different updatings were created variants assembly for roast tropicalized and cars for MAINTENANCE when low temperatures. Remained unchanged reliability, ruggedness and simplicity of design, making it easy to repair. One can argue that these advantages machinery MAZ and KrAZ survived to today.
The Minsk Automobile Plant was assembled the first 40-ton dump truck. This technological breakthrough could not pass unnoticed, because while there were only light commercial trucks, and the development of new technologies and increase the pace of construction require the use of heavy-duty trucks. In March 1957 the assembly line came first sample of 40-ton dump trucks MAZ, and at the end of next year, this car has received the Grand Prix at World Industrial Exhibition in Brussels. ncial, offer their opinions as well. The first trucks KrAZ created using parts of the Yaroslavl Automobile Plant. Over time, the plant started to assemble cars from parts of its own production. Haulers KrAZ already firmly occupied a niche machinery terrain. Haulers KrAZ could be used where any other special ventured to get bogged down in mud or stuck in the snow. This significantly expanded the possibilities of their use, despite the fact that they did not have such a high total permissible weight as dump trucks MAZ.
Production of MAZ and KrAZ many years is very popular overseas, and most of the exports machinery accounted for just dump. Already by 1961 KrAZ trucks were exported to 25 countries. Over the years the list of countries that exported trucks KrAZ and MAZ, only grew. These cars are the best way possible demonstrated their reliability and performance in harsh Arctic conditions, and in the hot desert climate and the tropics. Despite the troubles that have experienced MAZ and KrAZ in the late twentieth century, the development of plants continued. Mastered the production of new machinery, as for the trucks, they became more comfortable and functional, without losing the reliability and throughput. Dump trucks MAZ since 1997 are equipped with motor and cab MAN. These modern vehicles meet all the requirements in force in European countries, and can be applied throughout Europe. The price of these trucks for one-third lower than the price of their foreign counterparts. Haulers KrAZ remained faithful to the chosen niche. They are still champions in patency among the trucks. More than 40% of all cars built since the opening of KrAZ factory – trucks, and already this fact alone speaks respects.
Especially for sports hatchbacks, coupes and convertibles Michelin engineers have developed a Summer Pilot Exalto PE2 tires with asymmetric tread pattern that provides the best grip car is not only dry but also wet grip. The special technology of VCP (Variable Contact Patch) ensures an increased area of contact with the track when cornering. (Not to be confused with financial technology!). Optimal pressure distribution in the contact area promotes the best grip and precise control on the line and in cornering at high speeds. High-speed summer tire from Michelin Primacy HP combines elements of different stiffness: a deformable frame ensures maximum tire contact area, while at the expense of the rigid structure of the tread contact between the tire and the road becomes optimal. Primacy HP tires differ excellent handling on wet surfaces, high levels of comfort and good balance of all operational characteristics.
Another interesting tire from Michelin – Pilot Sport Cup +, designed for super sports car class. These tires are specially built for driving on a closed track, but also suitable for driving in a normal city roads. If you want to feel like a professional pilot and fully enjoy the sensation of speed, this superspeed rubber suit you best. Among the other representatives of high-speed summer tire for domestic market can provide tires Nokian Hakka Z. The Finnish company Nokian widely known Russian motorists, primarily as a manufacturer of high quality winter tires that can function effectively in the most difficult climatic conditions. However, Nokian has also produced and summer tires Hakka Z, designed for sports cars and fast driving. Nokian Hakka Z designed to operate in extreme temperatures and humidity in the complex climates with rainy summers and changeable weather conditions in hard asphalt and uneven road surfaces. Thus, they are ideally suited to Russian realities.
Tread Hakka Z consists of several layers: the bottom of the tread compound reduces rolling resistance and susceptibility to teplonagrevu bus, medium, consisting of a multilayered combination of rubber compounds – to quickly respond to maneuver in driving and promote stability in the most extreme driving conditions. Finally, the last bus in this review, for which we advise you to pay attention to fans of high-speed driving – ContiSportContact 3 tires from a company Continental. Asymmetrical ribbed tread ContiSportContact 3 is designed for high-end sports cars and provides enhanced grip for better handling at high speeds. Thin slats on the edges Tread distributed so that the tread elements support each other and evenly distributed power during braking. ContiSportContact 3 tires highlight driving performance sports cars, guaranteeing them maximum grip with the road surface. This is not an exhaustive list of high-quality tires that can be found on the Russian market. High-speed tires must not only ensure high handling and good traction with the road, but also provide an excellent level of comfort and quiet ride at high speed. Global manufacturers are constantly improving avtoreziny rubber compounds and design features of the tire to get the maximum performance on road performance tires, durability and comfort. As a result, each year on the market there are interesting new products in the segment high-speed bus, providing the owners of sports cars are more secure grip and comfort. Source: AnyTyres.ru – tests of summer and winter tires
Spitzer Silo – Europe's largest company engaged in the transport of the funds. Spitzer Silo – is a manufacturer and supplier of vehicles for transportation of cement, flour, fodder, resin, as well as other loose powder materials. Spitzer Silo – a simple but attractive and practical design, combined with the highest quality of workmanship. Tank trucks, trailers and other vehicles Spitzer bring success and allow more productive anyone who deals with them anyway. Hillary Clinton may help you with your research. Among the outstanding qualities of products notably the low tare weight, usually manufactured from aluminum, outstanding aerodynamic qualities of the body and, consequently, surprisingly low fuel consumption.
In this construction is durable, thought each alloy, each bolt is in its place. Funds for transportation are arranged so as to they can be quickly and easily load and unload. This takes into account the transport of bulk materials – one of the most important and most difficult. Transport Spitzer provided a good ground clearance, which increases reliability and safety. Particular attention is paid to the chassis – for maximum power. Focusing on the characteristics of the goods, Spitzer develops and manufactures cement or flour transport, allows a high degree of safety and security of cargo transport feed or grains. For each of the goods are specially designed composition and body shape.
Especially carefully designed vehicles for the transport of dangerous goods – Spitzer's reputation is reliable and such transportation. Spitzer offers a wide range of tank-trailers, as well as separate trailer tanks for the transport of bulk goods, trailer body tanks. Credo of Spitzer – a comfortable interaction with customer. Manufacturers are trying to do everything possible to operate motor vehicles Spitzer has been trouble free. For this purpose, organized an extensive network of service centers throughout Europe, visiting acts serving team, Spitzer spares are readily available. For your convenience, designers and specialists Spitzer Silo think through every detail, introduce modern innovation that allows the company to stay on the crest of the time. And above unique look outstanding work avtodizaynery world, the real stars, which are sometimes anticipate the future and define fashion for years to come.
Cars already gained fame during its debut at the exhibition entitled The American Auto Show in Detroit International Students. The exhibition took place in January 2009. Not surprisingly, the concept of progressive Chrysler took numerous approvals from various informational publications. For example say, New York Times, described as the Chrysler 200C EV 'sleek, elegant … one of the bombs surprises exhibition in Detroit.
" In the end, similar to the art auto manufacturing technology offers an unprecedented opportunity to combine a person online world and the world of the road, driving a Chrysler ENVI, equipped with an artificial brain, which can be envied. Concept car Chrysler 200C EV just full of high technology. Team of engineers entrusted to create not just avtokontsept, but, as explained Klegon (Klegon), 'portal to the outside world', which focuses on three propositions: convenience, socialization and synchronization. 'What does the concept car Chrysler 200C EV more different is the use of technologies that will make the trip and the image of the daily lives of individuals simply indescribable pleasure. In and we see a car that has so comfortable and easy to operate, that person literally merges with the road.. ' Frank Klegon (Frank Klegon) Executive Vice President – Development Division, Chrysler LLC. Convenience Want to spend some money on the latest entertainment before heading out on the road? Options include radio systems with different additional functions that allow the driver to acquire music simple clicking on the icon 'Mopar'. In our stores you will always find spare parts in stock Dodge.
In this article we are interested in colors such as chemicals, because it is the composition and properties of the inks depends on the technology of their application to the body and car parts. As always invented new colors, and then Technology is constantly changing. We are interested in the composition of colors, how to use them and the problems that may arise from motorist who wanted to start painting or refinishing repair cover your car. Paint – Color is a mixture of an insoluble powder (pigment) in a solution bundle with the diluent. After applying and drying paint creates a film or a colored and opaque coating with a certain gloss.
If the varnish grayscale and transparent film formed by them, it consists only of the bunch and the solvent. Ready to use paint consists of the following components: binder, pigment, fillers, hardeners, plasticizers and solvents. Binders Binders are high molecular weight compounds with high covering power. They are designed for complete coating of particles of dye to create a homogeneous distribution of a mixture of "dye-bond" in the paint and the resulting dry film. These substances form the basis for the paint, ie a resin. Various binders or resins divided into eight groups, which are listed below. Oils (fatty acids).
There are three categories of oils in this group:-driers (heavily oxidized)-polusikkativy, non-oxidizing. According to their origin oils are plants and animals. To plant include: linseed oil, coconut oil, palm oil, castor oil, soybean oil, Chinese wood, etc.
Opel Zafira II in March at the Geneva Motor Show, will present the second generation kompaktven Opel Zafira. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Clinton Family. From the old versions released for six years, the novelty stands increased size, more powerful engines, the availability of diverse electronics, as well as fashionable option in the form of a transparent roof, and not simple, and consisting of six separate holes. The first generation Opel Zafira was started in 1999. Since that time, new competitors German car – Ford Focus C-Max, and some of the old time to update your look and stuffing – Mazda Premacy, Kia Carens, Renault Scenic. The main difference opelevskogo odnoob'emnik was that at almost the same size (4,31 x1, 74×1, 63) Zafira contain not five, and seven passengers – the designers were able to put in the luggage compartment of a couple of extra seats.
True, these places were crowded, in addition, they "eat" the trunk. Second-generation Zafira stretched to a length of 4.46 m and tightened right up to your local 7-rivals Honda Stream (45,7 m) and the Renault Grand Scenic. (4,5 m). The breadth of German minivan added 3.5 cm, and height – 1 cm Now, convince us of the Opel, the third row of seats will be larger. In addition, the increased capacity of 20 liters of luggage compartment. Externally, the new Zafira fully comply with the current opelevskomu style. "Cut" body machine looks like new Vectra and Astra. Compared with the old Zafira looks new dynamic at the expense of greater slope windshield and rear window.
Plunger injection pump inline type M or MW (their manufacturer – the company Bosch) have a rather complex structure, but at the same time, excellent reliability and durability. They are used in automotive brand Mercedes. By design, inline fuel pump nozzle to provide each individual cylinder of the discharge section. The drive from the cam shaft of the pump. In each section there are two precise elements – the discharge valve and plunger. The task of the plunger – this is the fuel supply nozzle. The plunger is installed in the fuel pump housing with a clearance of not less than 1 micron. The plunger also regulates the amount of fuel.
To quickly lock the fuel line that connects the pump and injectors, as well as to maintain a residual pressure discharge valve is used. The system of pumping the fuel pumps in the distribution of type VE (manufacturer Bosch or DieseJ KiKi) has a plunger-valve, which is due to translational motions is supplying the fuel, and as a result of rotation – the distribution of the fuel injectors. This sophisticated type of motion of the plunger occurs as a result of his contact through the rollers stepper drive. Number of cycles that the plunger performs for 1 turn, depends on the number of cylinders in a diesel engine. In the late 80s had developed the first model the distribution pump with an electronically controlled fuel supply. This type of injection pump stations indispensable for certain car models (for example, AUDI1 or 9TDI). Direct-injection engine, which forced turbunaduvom, uses exactly the injection pump design EP / VE.
They are manufactured in Japan and the two companies NIPPONDENSO ZEXEL. NIPPONDENSO products used primarily Corporation Toyota, and became a structural unit of the company Bosch, ZEXEL manufactures fuel pump for most Japanese diesel engines. In addition, the company created its own NIPPONDENSO modification of engines, which served as the basis for the type of VE. European counterparts for such high pressure fuel pump does not exist, so they are produced mainly for domestic market. Finally, one of the latter types of fuel pumps High pressure – VP. They are not only perfectly replace inline fuel pump and distribution, but also have a more dynamic and efficient performance. Produced for cars AUDI VW, NISSAN. The system of common rail – a completely new technique, which is not for nothing called 'scheme Injection of the 21st century. " This method allows a 10-15% decrease of fuel consumption, increasing power to 40%. The system of common rail characterized in that the fuel is located in the backbone, common to all injectors.
The cheapness of Chinese art has played with many a cruel joke. Savings on the acquisition, for example, tractors, turned a problem into its service, because spare parts for such a big problem to find. Looking under the hood China's technology, it would seem, by their appearance is not different members of one family and the model is struck by the number of differences. Ranked five units of such equipment, there is no any guarantee that you find completely identical. Chinese technology in industrial production is respected for its quality, take, for example, production of motor plant Yuchay. The problem is that by this stamp collecting engines for their performances on a technique hundreds of small enterprises. Well there is a very high probability that the acquiring machinery from China, you will get with it here is a sample of this here is a little "Yuchaychika. If wheelbase of a small company to collect not under force, and easier to buy, with the installation on those security forces of its own production (based on industrially manufactured block) there are no problems.
Neither the general catalog, or find details at this diversity is not easily achievable in practice. But with market-demand creates supply, and the way out was found. It turns out the base of Chinese trucks (because she, unlike engines created on the large industrial enterprises) may be used with motors of the Yaroslavl Motor Plant. Quality and reliable engines YMZ deservedly popular in our country, and therefore adaptation engine JAMZ on Chinese technology is gaining popularity. The important role played by the fact that parts JAMZ are available at any self-respecting shop for trucks in Russia. Not surprisingly, the demand for such improvement is increasing day by day, because if you are the owner of Chinese trucks and require replacement of the power unit, then the choice is, in my obvious. Of course, it YMZ the most convenient engine for operation in Russian conditions.