Principles Of Construction Of Industrial Plant And Equipment
Spatial location of production facilities, workshops and farms in the territory of the enterprise is carried on the master plan businesses that develop during its creation. The general plan of the enterprise is graphic representation of its territory with all buildings, structures, communications, lines of communication and other communications, tied to a specific area (areas). In enterprises master plan usually presented in two forms: the projected and actual. During its development should be considered: 1) providing direct subjects of work when moving from one unit to another without colliding flows. Financial technology addresses the importance of the matter here. This demand is realized when placing plants in the order of the sequence of the process (procurement – manufacturing – assembly). Warehouses of raw materials are from the importation of goods in immediate vicinity of the procurement workshops and warehouses for finished products – from the removal of assembly plants, and 2) the vast movement of freight transport technology. It provides the reliability and reducing costs of moving objects of labor compared to public transport, and 3) reducing the length of energy communications (electricity, steam, water and gas), 4) nonintersection routes used by employees at work and with her the ways of communication, communications, and workshops. This is achieved by constructing the corresponding transitions, and 5) the allocation of special groups of plants with the homogeneous nature of production (block of shops).
Create separate areas of energy, hot, cold, workshops and offsite service allows you to create normal hygienic conditions; 6) account prevailing wind directions (wind rose). Workshops with harmful fluids (steam, dust, gas) into the atmosphere is necessary to have on the leeward side. This will reduce the overall gas content area businesses and a positive impact on safety equipment in the shops, and 7) the nature of accounting process, located nearby, such as incompatible location near forging and tool or machine shops due to vibration and shaking of the soil; 8) records the terrain, location of railway lines, housing estates in the development master plan. Performance indicators develop a master plan are the size (area) within a plant length of communications, the degree of development of the territory. Less than these rates per unit of production, the more successful arrangement. In addition, important indicators of a rational plan is to supply normal hygiene and working conditions, availability of backup space for expansion of the company, aesthetically expressive architectural shape buildings and premises.