Double (or ceramic stone GOST), size 250 x 120 x 140 mm. Also saves the cost of the solution and the time of construction, as well as money, as more expensive single half, but their size twice. But they produce only hollow bricks. 4. Module size 288 x 138 x 63 mm. Depending on the presence of voids divided by brick: 1. Full-bodied, with a small amount of voids, at least 13%.
This brick used to build load-bearing elements and massive structures that must withstand heavy loads. Solid may be a private, face bricks. 2. Hollow, with a large amount of voids, sometimes more than 50%. This kind of Brick has a high thermal insulation in comparison to full-bodied, but still it is much easier, so the walls of a brick can be thinner than in corpulent, but also more and more light. But when you use it difficulties may arise: voids can beat solution, and then his advantage – thermal insulation – is lost. Do not let it be by using a more dense solution, and brick with smaller voids.
Perforated brick less corpulent, since its production is less raw material. Hollow and can be private, face bricks. A special group is isolated EABASSOC Foamed brick. He has a porous structure they have even higher insulating properties than hollow. To make the brick porous clay preparation stage it added charcoal, straw, peat or sawdust that are burned during firing. Mark Brick characterizes its strength and is one of the main characteristics of the nomenclature. It is denoted by the letter M and the number. Number – is the limit of compressive strength is measured in kg/cm2. There are the following brands of ceramic bricks: M50, M75, M100, M125, M150, M175, M200, M250, M300. For accommodation is particularly important, another characteristic – frost. It depends on the moisture absorption of the product: the moisture absorption is lower the more durable the product. The less water will collect bricks, the less he will be subject to destruction during freezing. Dehumidification brick varies from 6% to 16%. Denoted by SSE and the number of frost, which characterizes the number of cycles of freezing. There is the following Classification of bricks by frost: SSE 15, SSE 25, SSE 35, SSE 50, SSE 100. Modern standards and regulate less important parameters. This is not surprising, since the destruction of the structure can lead to tragic cases. Fortunately, at this time technology had made considerable progress and the need to orient themselves in the most subtle little things occur only in the implementation of highly complex projects. Therefore, the construction of private houses, as rule. reduced to a choice of one type of basic bricks, several types of finishing.