For the stability of the construction must have the chairs on corners of the wooden house and at the intersection of walls. The distance between each chair no more than 3 meters. Each pillar of this foundation can hold up to tons of structural weight of the structure, but it does have its drawbacks: the fragility of due to constant contact with the ground of wooden chairs. To improve the performance of, wood chars, is impregnated with tar and special oils. Stone pier foundation is strong and durable.
Poles a foundation made of granite, quarry stone, brick – iron ore. On this foundation your wood house will stand for a very long time. Precast pier foundation is ideal if your site is located in damp or wetland areas. Sbornyystolbchaty foundation – a Pillars of the rigid base plate. The pillars for a foundation made of concrete, metal or asbestos cement reinforced pipes. Monolithic columnar foundation placed on the ground slabouvlazhnenny if in the process of preparation of the pit water leaks, the soil is strengthened “cement milk”. During the filling hole, concrete is poured and the layers shtykovaniem compacted.
No species of columnar foundation is not suitable for log houses with a basement or plinth. The advantages of the columnar base: – cost – simple construction Disadvantages: – unstable in horizontally-moving ground – there is no possibility of constructing a basement foundation Belt. In the construction of wooden houses used less frequently, mainly for the construction of two-storey houses and bathhouses of the timber. Application this foundation is more suitable for heavy constructions. With the construction of a foundation may erection basement, cellar, garage, but its disadvantages are also obvious: high cost, complexity, duration construction. For this type of foundation required a large amount of earth works, but it is common for the construction of simple technology. Monolithic strip foundations formed by a layer of crushed stone, which rammed into the ground. For the panel-frame, wood and timber houses with a basement used for foundation panel. In such a foundation may create openings for windows and doors, as well as additional holes for communications. Additional thermal insulation of walls is not required because a heater is incorporated in the ribs. Precast strip foundations constructed of reinforced concrete and concrete blocks of large size. The foundation is laid for rammed earth, filled with small stones and rubble. Advantages of such foundations are simplicity and fast speed of erection. Cons: the permeability of water in the joints, unsuitable for the construction of home designing complex. Pile foundations consist of individual piles and could not be better suited for the construction of wooden houses, bath houses or cottages. The piles are wooden or reinforced concrete. Wooden more economical, but if they are in the moist ground, then quickly give in to rot. A reinforced concrete are durable, but expensive and difficult to manufacture.