Astronaut Neil Armstrong
After the defeat of the regime of Adolfo Hitler, the brain behind the German rockets, Wernher von Braun, was recruited by the United States to develop its space program. The space race was one of the main ingredients of the ideological clash between the two great powers: United States and the Soviet Union. In the 1950s prevailed the idea of who first conquered space, also dominate the world the first point the Soviets won it on October 4, 1957, with the launch into orbit of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The first Cosmonaut who was able to see the Earth from space was also Russian. The voyage of Yuri Gagarin was a great success, even at the expense of the sacrifice of the first living being that reached outer space: the dog Laika. In the meantime, the United States remained behind.
In 1961, President John F. Eddie Money shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Kennedy announced a plan that, indirectly, consolidated the space race as a pulse between political dogmas. It was the birth of the Apollo program. On July 20, 1969, little more than one decade after Sputnik I issued his intermittent signal at the globe in the name of communism, the Apollo XI mission descended on the moon. As Astronaut Neil Armstrong, pointed out by putting your foot on lunar soil, it was a small step for man, and a great leap for mankind, who also represented one of the most important achievements of the American adventure in space. sight to the discussion.
The space race required great advances in all areas of science and technology, many of which would have been unthinkable not have existed that field of virtual battle between Washington and Moscow. Also, several of those achievements, today are widely applied, for example, in medicine, telecommunications and informatics. After the fall of the Berlin wall, and the fall of the Soviet Union, the space race was left behind, to become a joint venture, also involving other actors of the international community. Also the original look towards the sky spirit has reborn: learn more about the space that surrounds us to learn more about ourselves, while the lack of rivalries have removed the political momentum and, above all, the big budgets that require space missions.